Sfax constitutes the center of a vast region known, since the Roman epoch, for its intense economic activities, primarily agriculture and commerce.
The beginnings of the modern economic expansion of Sfax became visible since the 18th century.
The artisanal activities multiplied, fishing production developed and fruit trees and olive-trees fields flourishing. Its trade with the East became the pivot of all its exchange activities with the remainder of Tunisia, Africa and the Occident via Marseilles, Genoa and Leghorn.
From that epoch to the present, it passed from the status of a small town to that of the second city of the country.
Since the 18th century and under the effect of the European colonial expansion, the economy of Sfax undergoes the weight of the industrial domination. A modern port arranged at the end of the 18th century made it possible for Sfax to reach the transatlantic lines and to diversify its exchanges.
The development of Sfax, whether economic, urban or demographic, became stunning since the independence concretized in 1956. The economy in Sfax is characterized by its continuity, and its current promotions can be explained by the stability of Tunisia and the adjusted and perspicacious policy of its government.
The city of Sfax represents a good example of the Tunisian development.
In fact, it is the first oil producer, first fishing port, second industrial pole, energy producer, and petroleum and gas producer.